UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen

UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen
   or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects
   In 1984, the challenges addressed in the UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property were further taken up by another international organization, the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law, known by the acronym UNIDROIT, which issued the final draft of its "Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects" in June 1995. The UNIDROIT Convention is a complement to the UNESCO Convention. Perhaps the most important clause in the Convention is the principle that anyone with a stolen item in his/her possession must in all cases restore it. This rule forces buyers to check that the goods have come onto the market legally, otherwise they will have to be returned. As of 2003, forty countries have agreed to the UNIDROIT Convention. The UNIDROIT Convention remains controversial even among those who are eager to regulate international trade in antiquities, preserve and study them. Among the countries not agreeing are Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Generally dealers and collectors prefer looser regulation than countries which are the sources of antiquities, and many have effectively lobbied their governments in opposition to the UNIDROIT Convention.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • convention —    General agreement on or acceptance of certain customs; a standard attitude, interpretation, or practice (procedure, technique, iconography, etc.). Also see theater, UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law — The International Institute for the Unification of Private Law, also known as UNIDROIT, is an independent intergovernmental organisation. Its purpose is to study needs and methods for modernising, harmonising, and coordinating private… …   Wikipedia

  • museum, operation of — Introduction       wide array of diverse tasks that a museum undertakes in order to preserve and interpret the material aspects of human society and the environment. Several of the most important museum operations are described in this article.… …   Universalium

  • antiquity —    The quality of being very old, especially of the ages before the fall of the Western Roman Empire in CE 476. Also, the remains of ancient times, usually referred to in the plural form, as antiquities. Also see antiquarianism, antique,… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • Anthropology and Archaeology — ▪ 2009 Introduction Anthropology       Among the key developments in 2008 in the field of physical anthropology was the discovery by a large interdisciplinary team of Spanish and American scientists in northern Spain of a partial mandible (lower… …   Universalium

  • Art repatriation — is the return of art or cultural objects, usually referring to ancient or looted art, to their country of origin or former owners (or their heirs). The disputed cultural property items are physical artifacts of a group or society that were taken… …   Wikipedia

  • conflict of laws — 1. dissimilarity or discrepancy between the laws of different legal orders, such as states or nations, with regard to the applicable legal rules and principles in a matter that each legal order wishes to regulate. 2. Also called private… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”